"During acts of domestic violence children often try to help."

"The most common form of child sexual abuse is incest."

"Childlessness is stigmatized."

The Issues

 

In the United States, physical violence is estimated to occur in four to six million intimate relationships each year.

 

Many children who are present during acts of domestic violence try to help. A study conducted in the United States and supported by UNICEF found that in 15% of incidents of domestic violence where children were present they tried to prevent the violence, another 10% actively tried to intervene to protect the victim.

 

A study in 2003 indicated that the more severe the abuse against the mother, the more likely a child is to attempt to intervene in an incident.

 

While parricide remains rare, accounting for about 2% of homicides, most cases involve teenagers who kill abusive parents. Typically, the child is from 16 to 18 years old, from a white middle-class family. Most have above average intelligence and are generally well-adjusted in school and the community, though they tend to be isolated, without many friends. They commonly have no prior run-ins with the law.

 

Many parricides occur when a child is on the cusp of independence, about to break away from an abusive parent's domination. Sometimes the killing is triggered by a desire to protect the other parent or siblings.

 

 

 

Worldwide, up to 1 in 5 women report being sexually abused as children.

 

In India, at least 25% of the adult population has been molested by the age of 16. More than 27 million females are survivors of child sexual abuse, the most common form of which is incest.

 

Findings of Delhi-based NGO RAHI suggest that 76% of upper and middle class Indian women respondents had suffered abuse as children. 40% of those by a family member.



Estimates indicate that infertility affects between 80 million and 168 million people worldwide; that number equates to approximately 1 in every 10 couples of reproductive age.

 

Infertility affects people from all socioeconomic levels and cuts across all racial, ethnic and religious lines.

 

In infertile couples women show higher levels of distress than their male partners.

 

Childlessness is stigmatized by a pro-natal society and often becomes internalized as part of a woman's identity.

 

Individuals who learn they are infertile often experience emotions common to those grieving. Typical reactions include shock, grief, depression, anger and frustration, as well as loss of self-esteem, self-confidence, and a sense of control over one's destiny.

Resources

 

The following resources provide valuable insight:

 

Domestic Abuse

 

UNiTE to End Violence Against Women

http://endviolence.un.org

 

STOP VIOLENCE IN THE HOME

A joint campaign by The Body Shop and UNICEF to inspire and support those affected by domestic violence

http://www.thebodyshop-uAsa.com/values-campaigns/stop-violence.aspx

 

Incest

 

RAHI Rape and Healing from Incest

Delhi, India

http://www.rahifoundation.org/home.html

 

Tulir: Centre for the Prevention and Healing of Child Sexual Abuse

http://www.tulir.org

 

RAINN

Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network

http://www.rainn.org

 

Parricide

 

Understanding Parricide: When Sons and Daughters Kill Parents

by Kathleen M. Heide, Ph.D.

 

When Battered Women Kill

by Angela Browne, Ph.D.

 

Infertility

 

World Health Organization: Sexual and Reproductive Health

http://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/topics/infertility/en/

 

Breaking the Silence on Infertility by Jennifer Wolff Perrine

Self Magazine

http://www.self.com/health/2010/08/breaking-the-silence-on-infertility

 

A documentary on Infertility, Reproductive Technologies and what matters most.

http://www.thecyclelivingataboo.com

 

Recovery From Traumatic Loss: A Study Of Women Living Without Children After Infertility

by Marni Rosner

University of Pennsylvania

http://repository.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1020&context=edissertations_sp2